First Aid for Burns Treatment

This advice of first aid for burns refers to first degree burns and small sized second degree burns. For large second degree burns, especially on the face or third degree burns please seek emergency medical attention immediately.

Aloe Vera plant

First degree burns are burns to the outer layer of skin.

The skin will become red with some swelling and sometimes pain.

A second degree burn is when the dermis or second layer of skin is burned.

The skin blisters, becomes very red and there is pain and swelling.

For first degree and small second degree burns please use this advice:

  • cool the burn for 5-15 minutes with cool (not cold) water or a cool compress until the pain subsides. Do not use ice.
  • use aloe vera or a type of antibiotic ointment on the wound and cover with a sterile bandage. Leave any blisters intact.
  • Treatment for burns is pretty straightforward but must be treated as soon as the burn occurs.

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